World Bank to fund two environmental projects
The Indian government has signed two loan agreements with World Bank to take up projects related coastal zone management and remediation of ten polluted sites in the country.
First one is for the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) project worth of Rs1155.33 crore, in which, the World Bank will contribute an amount of Rs897crore (77.7%), Government of India Rs177.49 crore (15.5%), and the States Rs80.02crores (6.9%).
The second agreement is for Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management (CBIPMP) project which will aim to remediate ten highly polluted sites, two in Andhra Pradesh and eight in West Bengal, on a pilot basis. The project will look at developing a National Plan for rehabilitation of polluted sites and building human and technical capacity in selected Pollution Control Boards for undertaking environmentally sound remediation of polluted sites. The estimated cost of the project, to be implemented for a period of five years, is Rs339.26 crore. The project will be funded through financial assistance from the World Bank (85%) and contribution from the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests and the Government of Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal (15%).
Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State, Environment & Forests, said: “These are both very significant projects for us. India has a vast coastline which needs to be conserved and protected based on scientific principles. The capacity of our states for coastal management also needs to be enhanced. The ICZM project will enable us to make the investments in these areas.”
He said that the CBIPMP Project is also critical as we attempt to clean up our polluted sites and develop longer term capacity for remediation. “While both these projects are being launched with a focus on a few states, I am eager that we scale these up rapidly to include the other states,” he added.
Ramesh informed that they have already initiated discussions in this direction both within government and with the World Bank. “We are also in talks with the World Bank for another important project to strengthen the technical and human capacity of our Central and State Pollution Control Boards/Committees. I welcome the positive and proactive manner in which these projects have been negotiated and look forward to their implementation,” he added.
The ICZM Project consists of four components which include National and three state level components. The National component includes mapping; delineation and demarcation of the hazard lines; and delineation of coastal sediment cells all along the mainland coast of India, mapping, delineation and demarcation of Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESAs), Capacity building of the MoEF and the State Coastal Zone Management Authorities, and Nation-wide training program for coastal zone management and setting up of a National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM). The NCSCM shall be set up in Anna University in Chennai with an outlay of Rs116crore. The centre will be working with the collaborating institutes in each of the coastal States/UTs. This component has a budget outlay of Rs355.41 crore.
Second component will comprise of capacity building of the Gujarat state government, including the State Pollution Control Board, for effective management of the coastal areas. Pilot studies will be undertaken on the ICZM approach for the stretch falling along Gulf of Kachchh. Further, Transplantation of corals in Gulf of Kachchh, sewage treatment facilities for Jamnagar District would also be undertaken. This component will also support priority investments in Gujarat, all located in the Gulf of Kachchh, to complement the ICZMP. Under the project a Green Action for National Dandi Heritage Initiative (G.A.N.D.H.I.) will also be developed. This component was launched on 7th July, 2010. The budget for the Gujarat component is Rs298.34 crore.
Third component includes pilot studies for Orissa coast. This component includes, capacity building of the state level agencies and institutions; preparation of an ICZM plan for the coastal sediment cells in the stretches of Paradip-Dhamra and opalpur-Chilika; regional coastal process study, and priority investments. The project will support capacity building in the area of coastal management and wetland research. The priority investments in Orissa shall be concentrated in two stretches namely, (i) Gopalpur-Chilika and (ii) Paradip-Dhamra. The budget for the Orissa component is Rs201.62 crore.
The fourth component involves pilot ICZM studies for West Bengal. The project will support capacity building of the various agencies involved in coastal management and priority investments. This component mainly addresses the coastal zone management issues in three sectors of West Bengal namely, Sundarban, Haldia and Digha-Shankarpur. The budget for the West Bengal component is Rs300.26 crore.
This World Bank ICZM project is for a period of five years. The other States/Union territories would be considered in the subsequent phase of the project. The process has already been initiated and letters has been issued to the Chief Ministers requesting them to send the proposals. The Ministry of Environment and Forests is a nodal agency to implement the above project. The Ministry has set up a Society of Integrated Coastal Management (SICOM) for implementing the project. The States of Gujarat, Orissa and West Bengal set up a state level State Project Management Units (SPMU). The total number of indirect beneficiaries is 3.56 crore people from the three state components. The total number of indirect beneficiaries from the project, is 6.30 crore people.