Mah, Guj, TN, AP lead JNNURM reforms initiative
The Ministry of Urban development has expressed satisfaction with the overall reforms progress under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) launched in December 2005. As per details made available by the Ministry, 56% of State level reforms committed till year 4 (2008-09) have been achieved, 50% of Urban Local Bodies (ULB) level reforms and 57% of optional reforms committed till year 4 have been achieved.
States such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh have shown good progress in urban sector reforms. However the Ministry has expressed concern over the withdrawal of Property taxes in Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab. It added that this was in contravention to the spirit of the JNNURM reforms process and has taken up the issue with the respective state governments. The Ministry has also acknowledged that certain States and cities have capacity constraints such as North-Eastern states, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir and small towns under the UIDSSMT scheme.
The Ministry added that governance reforms are central to the successful implementation of JNNURM. The main objective of the implementation of reforms under JNNURM is to provide an enabling environment for the growth of our cities by enhancing effective urban service delivery, land management, financial management and stakeholder participation in local governance. The portfolio of reforms covered by this roadmap can be broadly classified into Governance reforms, Land and Property Reforms, Reforms for financial sustainability and Accountability reforms.
Some of the key achievements on Reforms are as under:-
• In Jharkhand, municipal elections were held after a gap of 22 years.
• 20 states have taken steps to establish District Planning committees, 8 during the Mission.
• 10 States have rationalised Stamp duty to 5%. Stamp Duty in Chandigarh was increased to 6.3% from 5%, but after intervention of the Ministry, this has now been reverted back to 5%.
• 16 States have enacted public disclosure laws and 9 states have enacted community participation laws.
• 13 cities have accomplished e-governance reforms.
• 29 cities have migrated to Double Entry Accrual Based Accounting System and have published their Balance Sheets after valuation of their assets and liabilities.
• 15 cities have achieved 85 % coverage in Property Tax collection and 13 cities have achieved 90% collection efficiency.
• 45 cities have Internal earmarking of funds for services to urban poor in their annual budgets
• 47 cities have undertaken revision of Building Bye-Laws for Mandatory Rainwater harvesting in all Buildings.
Encouraging of PPP has been done in 40 cities.