Infra performance is a mixed bag: Economic Survey
India’s infrastructure performance has been a mixed bag as some of the sectors have done well whereas others could not manage to achieve the target, the Economic Survey 2010-11 said.
During 2007-08 to 2009-10, the capacity addition has been lower than the target in power, roads, National Highways Development Project (NHDP), new railway lines and doubling of railway lines.
“The sub sectors where physical achievements are above or close to targets are telecommunications, villages electrified under the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGYY), railway lines electrification, railway gauge conversion and new and renewal of road constructions under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadhak Yojana,” the Survey added.
The Survey said that the investment in infrastructure has reached 7.18% of GDP in 2008-09 and is expected to increase to 8.37% in the final year of the 11th Plan. According to the Survey, out of the total 559 monitored Central sector projects costing Rs150 crore and above (as on October, 2010), 14 were ahead of schedule, 117 were on schedule and 293 were delayed. Of the balanced projects, no dates have been fixed for commissioned. These included projects such as roads, power, railways, petroleum, telecom, coal and steel.
In the road transport and highways sector, 51 projects have reported delay in the range of 1 to 36 months; in the power sector 20 projects have reported delays in the range of 1 to 18 months and in the petroleum sector 16 projects have reported delays in the range of 1 to 16 months.
There has been a steady decline in the time and cost over runs of Central sector projects costing Rs150 crore and above; which the survey said, can be attributed to closer monitoring and system improvements by the Ministries concerned. During April-November 2010, the performance of core industries and infrastructure services has been mixed.
The power and cement sectors have grown at comparatively lower rates. Coal-sector growth has been very low at 0.6 % as compared to the previous year’s 8%. Lower coal sector output has impacted thermal power generation this year.